Indices of Deprivation

Indices of Deprivation

The English Indices of Deprivation measure relative deprivation in small areas in England called lower-layer super output areas (LSOAs). The index of multiple deprivation is the most widely used.

The indices are based on 39 separate indicators, organised across seven distinct domains of deprivation. These are
combined and weighted to calculate the Index of Multiple Deprivation. This is an overall measure of multiple deprivation experienced by people living in an area. It is available for every LSOA in England.  All neighbourhoods in England are then ranked according to their level of deprivation relative to that of other areas.

The Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) commissioned OCSI to update the indices in both 2015 and 2019

Access the data

The data and the accompanying reports are available to download online:

The data is also available to use in Local Insight.  For example, you can:

  • compare relative deprivation over time through exploring data from 2010, 2015 and 2019
  • see how your neighbourhooods fare on the index of multiple deprivation
  • analyse whether the delivery of your projects and services are in the areas most in need.

Resource site

We publish case studies, findings, analysis and data visualisations on our resource site. This is a freely available site and a one-stop shop for anybody looking to find examples of how the indices have been used.

Do you and your organisation use the indices in your work? We would love to hear from you. Get in touch at